The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Ectoedemia heringiella (Mariani, 1939)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]


Nepticula heringiella Mariani, 1939)
Ectoedemia heringiella
(Mariani, 1939).


Leaf-miner: Egg at the upperside of the leaf, often near a vein. The mine is a strongly contorted gallery, almost entirely filled with black frass. The mine is illustrated in British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is a pale colour (British leafminers).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Pupation in a cocoon between the leaves, in captivity (British leafminers).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fagaceae        
Quercus ilex Evergreen Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
        Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Fagaceae        
Quercus alnifolia     British leafminers

Time of year - larvae: November to April (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Initially in Greater London (2002) - now spreading through southern England (British leafminers). East Suffolk, Leicestershire, North Essex, Surreyand West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Corsica, Croatia, Cyprus, Greek mainland, Italian mainland and Sicily (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Quercus ilex

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 06-Aug-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page