The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phyllonorycter platanoidella (Joannis, 1920)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

White-bodied Midget


Lithocolletis platanoidella Joannis, 1920. Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 89: 411, fig. 1.
Phyllonorycter platanoidella
(Joannis, 1920).



Leaf-miner:
The mine is rounded, between veins. The lower epidermis appears smooth or with several small creases (British leafminers).

The mine is also illustrated in UKMoths.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The cremaster is illustrated in British leafminers.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check of update).

Comments: Phyllonoryter platanoidella (Joannis, 1920) is treated as a junior synonym of Phyllonorycter joannisi (Le Marchand, 1936) in Fauna Europaea.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Aceraceae        
Acer platanoides Norway Maple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Acer platanoides Norway Maple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Acer platanoides Norway Maple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Aceraceae        
Acer platanoides Norway Maple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as joannisi

Time of year - larvae: July, October (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: May and August are the flight periods for the two generations of adults (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Commonest in south-east England, but is expanding northwards and has recently been found as far north as York (UKMoths) including Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Glamorgan, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, North Devon, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Somerset, North Wiltshire, South Essex, South Hampshire, South Lancaster, South Wiltshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Kent, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - Central and Northwest, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea, as joannisi).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Acer platanoides

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis nephereus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Pediobius alcaeus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa, as joannisi
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea, as joannisi
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 09-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page