The mine is rounded, between veins. The lower epidermis appears
smooth or with several small creases (British
mine is also illustrated in UKMoths.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
cremaster is illustrated in British
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection
Phyllonoryter platanoidella (Joannis, 1920) is treated as
a junior synonym of Phyllonorycter joannisi (Le Marchand,
1936) in Fauna Europaea.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July, October (British
of year - adults: May and August are the flight periods for
the two generations of adults (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Commonest in south-east England,
but is expanding northwards and has recently been found as far north
as York (UKMoths)
including Bedfordshire (VC30), Cambridgeshire (VC29), East Kent (VC15), East Norfolk (VC27),
East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Devon (VC4),
North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), South Essex (VC18), South Hampshire (VC11), South Lancashire (VC59), South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39),
Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38), West Kent (VC16), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
See also British
leafminers distribution map.
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland,
French mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic
of Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - Central and Northwest,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine
(Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea, as joannisi).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: