The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Orchestes fagi (Linnaeus, 1758)
[Coleoptera : Curculionidae]

Curculio fagi Linnaeus, 1758
Curculio calcar
Fabricius, 1787
Curculio fragariae
Fabricius, 1792
Rhynchaenus luteicornis
Chevrolat, 1871
Curculio rhododactylus
Marsham, 1802
Curculio rhodopus
Marsham, 1802
Curculio subater
Müller, 1776
Rhynchaenus fagi
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Orchestes fagi
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Leaf-miner: The mine starts as a corridor at the midrib and ends in a blotch (British leafminers, as Salius fagi). The mine is also illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Orchestes fagi larva,  dorsal
Orchestes fagi larva, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Fagus       British leafminers
Fagus       Plant, in Pitkin & Plant, 2005
Quercus       Plant (pers. comm.)

Hosts elsewhere:

Fagus sylvatica Beech British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: Univoltine: early summer (British leafminers, as Salius fagi).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Britain: Widespread including Anglesey, Ayrshire, Bedfordhsire, Berkshire, Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Caithness, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfriseshire, East Gloucestershire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Perthshire, East Ross, East Suffolk, East Sussex, East Sutherland, Easterness, Edinburgh, Elgin, Fife, Flintshire, Glamgorgan, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Isle of Man, Kincardineshire, Leicestershire, Linlithgow, Main Arygyll, Merionethshire, Mid Ebudes, Mid Perthshire, Mid-west Yorkshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, Montgomeryshire, North Aberdeenshire, North Ebudes, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Lincolnshire, North Somerset, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxforshire, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Shropshire, South Aberdeenshire, South Devon, South Hampshire, South Lancashire, South Somerset, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Stirlingshire, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Cornwall, West Gloucestershire, West Kent, West Lancashire, West Norfolk, West Ross, West Suffolk, West Sussex, West Sutherland, Westerness, Westmorland, Wigtownshire, and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (NBDC interactive map, Fauna Europaea) and in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Fauna Europaea).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in Europe including Bulgaria, Corsica, French mainland, Germany, Gibraltar, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Sweden and Yugoslavia (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Fagus sylvatica


Closterocerus trifasciatus Westwood, 1833 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Cirrospilus diallus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae

External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers, as Salius fagi
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas

NHM UK Checklist

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