The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


SYNOPSIS

More than 900 British leaf, stem, twig, bark and samara mines are included in this account and where possible keys are provided for their identification by host plant genus.

Keys are provided for the identification of 484 of the 881 host plant genera discussed, although for 119 of these host plant genera the keys to Diptera and non-Dipera are separate. No keys for the identification of the mines are included for the 397 remaining host plant genera, as although they may include miners elsewhere because they either do not occur in Britain, they are treated elsewhere under a different name or no miners are recorded on them in Britain. An additional key is provided to the species of Liriomyza recorded in glasshouses and/or quarantine interceptions.

Checklists are provided for all insect species discussed. Checklists by scientific and common name (where they exist) are given for all host plants.

The synonymy and known host plants, biology and distribution, where known, are given for all species included, along with a list of known parasitoids (where known).

Galleries now exist for a total of 587 species, although not all are miners. These images are mainly sourced from Bladmineerders van Europa and British Leafminers, but include some originals taken by Brian Pitkin and many others (see Acknowledgements).

Links, where they exist, are included to species accounts in Bladmineerders van Europa (formerly Nederlandse bladmineerders), British Leafminers and UKMoths. Links for all species are given to the Biodiversity Heritage Library, Encyclopedia of Life, Fauna Europaea (including distribution lists by country), National Biodiversity Network (including distribution maps), Ireland's National Biodiversity Data Centre interactive maps, the Universal Chalcidoid Database, Google, Google Scholar and Google Images.

Full-colour images of host plants are provided for 319 of the 881 host plant genera, although not all are known host plant species of miners in Britain. Links from 290 of the included host plant species to the Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland (BSBI) Map Scheme (formerly Atlas Update Project) are provided, showing their hectad distribution. Links to images of host plant species in British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. are provided for all beetles, flies and sawflies. Similar links are being added for the moths.

If you notice any errors or omissions please contact Brian Pitkin. There is hyperlink to his e-mail address at the foot of every page. Just click on his name to launch your own e-mail application. Please quote the name of the insect, parasitoid or host plant in the subject of your e-mail.

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Last updated 06-Apr-2014 Brian Pitkin Top of page