The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


More than 900 British leaf, stem, twig, bark and samara mines are included in this account. Keys are provided for the identification of mines on 484 of the 881 host plant genera discussed, although for 119 of these host plant genera the keys to Diptera and non-Dipera are separate. No keys for the identification of the mines are included for the 397 remaining host plant genera, as although they may include miners elsewhere they either do not occur in Britain or they are treated elsewhere under a different name. An additional key is provided to the species of Liriomyza recorded in glasshouses and/or quarantine interceptions.

Checklists are provided for all insect species discussed. Checklists by scientific and common name (where they exist) are given for all host plants. More images are needed to enhance the keys and species accounts and the presence or absence of images is included in the checklists.

The synonymy and known host plants, biology and distribution, where known, are given for all species included, along with a list of known parasitoids.

Galleries now exist for a total of 587 species, although not all are miners. These images are mainly sourced from Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa and British Leafminers, but include some originals taken by Brian Pitkin and many others (see Acknowledgements).

Links, where they exist, are included to species accounts in Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa (formerly Nederlandse bladmineerders and Bladmineerders van Europa), British Leafminers (including 243 links to The National Leafmining Lepidoptera Scheme distribution maps) and UKMoths. Links (where they exist) for all species are given to the Biodiversity Heritage Library, Encyclopedia of Life, Fauna Europaea (including distribution lists by country), National Biodiversity Network (including distribution maps), Ireland's National Biodiversity Data Centre interactive maps, the Universal Chalcidoid Database, Google, Google Scholar and Google Images.

Full-colour images of host plants are provided for 319 of the 881 host plant genera, although not all are known host plant species of miners in Britain. Links from 290 of the included host plant species to the Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland (BSBI) Map Scheme (formerly Atlas Update Project) are provided, showing their hectad distribution. Links to images of host plant species in British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. are provided.

If you notice any errors or omissions please contact Brian Pitkin. There is hyperlink to his e-mail address at the foot of every page. Just click on his name to launch your own e-mail application. Please quote the name of the insect, parasitoid or host plant in the subject of your e-mail.

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Last updated 13-Feb-2015 Brian Pitkin Top of page