Leaf-miner: A rather stubby, gradually widening, corridor that usually begins
near the leaf tip and descends along the leaf margin (especially
in the first generation). Finally an almost perfectly circular excision
is cut, in which the larva drops to the ground for pupation (Bladmineerders van Europa).
broad gallery with scattered frass, usually along the edge of the
leaf, ending at a circular blotch from which a case is cut leaving
a round hole (British
Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).
The larva is a yellow colour, with distinctive anterior markings
leafminers). Illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
Adult: The adult is illustrated in British
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: Bivoltine: late spring and summer (British
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Anglesey,
Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Breconshire, Buckinghamshire, Caernarvonshire,
Cambridgeshire, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cumberland,
Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfriesshire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Ross, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Easterness, Elgin,
Flintshire, Glamorganshire, Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Merionethshire,
Mid-west Yorkshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, Montgomeryshire, North Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Pembrokeshire,
Radnorshire, Shropshire, South Aberdeenshire, South Essex, South Hampshire,
South Lincolnshire, South Somerset, South Wiltshire, Staffordshire, Surrey,
Warwickshire, West Kent, West Lancashire, West Norfolk, West Suffolk
recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern
Ireland (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea) and in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Bulgaria,
? Corsica, French mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Poland, Romania,
Russia - East, Slovakia. Also recorded in the East Palaearctic (Alonso-Zarazaga
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Atlas links to known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.