The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766)
[Coleoptera : Curculionidae]


Curculio testaceus Müller, 1766
Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766)


Leaf-miner: Oviposition in the underside of the midrib or a thick lateral vein; later a large scar is visible there. Initially the larva tunnels in the midrib or vein, that inflates and disfigures somewhat as a result. Then the larva starts a corridor in the leaf blade, quite narrow at first, but strongly widening as the larva approaches the leaf margin or leaf tip. The mine is reddish brown in colour. The mature larva makes itself a dark brown globular cocoon in the mine and pupates there. Because the mine is made at a time that the leaf still is unfolding, the leaf becomes permanently rumpled. In the course of the summer the mine erodes away, but the combination of the oviposition scar, the swolllen mibrib and the frayed leave missing a large part of its distal half remains unmistakable ( Bladmineerders van Europa, as testaceus including calceatus).

The mine is also illustrated in British Leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The pupa is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Orchestes quercus larva,  dorsal

Orchestes testaceus pupa, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Comments: Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea treats Orchestes calceatus (Germar, 1821) as a junior synonym of Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766) following Anderson (1989).

According to Morris in Duff (2008) Orchestes calceatus Germar, 1821 on Betula pubescens is distinct from Orchestes testaceus (Müller, 1766) on Alnus in Britain.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Betulaceae        
Alnus       Morris in Duff, 2008 (as testaceus)

Hosts elsewhere:

Betulaceae        
Alnus glutinosa Alder British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa (as testaceus including calceatus)
Alnus incana Grey Alder British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa (as testaceus including calceatus)
Alnus minor     Bladmineerders van Europa (as testaceus including calceatus)
Alnus spaethii     Bladmineerders van Europa (as testaceus including calceatus)
Alnus x hybrida     Bladmineerders van Europa (as testaceus including calceatus on Alnus x pubescens)

Time of year - larvae: July (British leafminers, as testaceus on Betula).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: There are records of Orchestes testaceus including Orchestes calceatus from Bedfordhsire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, East Kent, East Norfolk, Glamorgan, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, West Kent, West Norfolk and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).

Distribution elsewhere: There are records of Orchestes testaceus including Orchestes calceatus in continental Europe including Danish mainland, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Italian mainland, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, North, Northwest and South, Sardinia, Slovakia, Sweden, Yugoslavia and in the Nearctic region (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Alnus glutinosa, Alnus incana, Alnus x hybrida

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa, as testaceus including calceatus on Alnus
British leafminers, as testaceus on Alnus
Encyclopedia of Life, as Curculio testaceus
Fauna Europaea, as testaceus including calceatus
NBN Atlas

NHM UK Checklist

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