The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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OROBANCHE. Broomrapes. [Orobanchaceae]


Fourteen species of Orobanche are recorded in Britain. These include the native Thyme Broomrape (O. alba), Oxtongue Broomrape (O. artemisiae-campestris), Bedstraw Broomrape (O. caryophyllacea), Knapweed Broomrape (O. elatior), Ivy Broomrape (O. hederae), Common Broomrape (O. minor), Yarrow Broomrape (O. purpurea), Greater Broomrape (O. rapum-genistae) and Thistle Broomrape (O reticulata). The BSBI provide a downloadable plant crib for Orobanche.

Oxtongue Broomrape (O. artemisiae-campestris), Bedstraw Broomrape (O. caryophyllacea) and Thistle Broomrape (O reticulata) are protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

Ivy Broomrape (O. hederae) is protected in Northern Ireland under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order, 1985.

No miners are recorded on Orobanche.

One dipterous miner, Chyliza extenuata, is said to live in the swollen underground stem of Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill., a perennial root parasite of leguminous shrubs, especially Ulex europaeus >and Cytisus scoparius, but also known to occur occasionally on Genista tinctoria in Britain (Collin, 1944. Ent. mon. Mag. 80: 214-224.). It is not known whether it mines or not.

The agromyzid Phytomyza orobanchia is recorded feeding in both the seed-heads and stems of Orobanche spp. elsewhere.

Common Broomrape - Orobanche minor. Image: © Brian Pitkin
Common Broomrape
Orobanche minor



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