The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phyllonorycter pastorella (Zeller, 1846)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]


Phyllonorycter pastorella (Zeller, 1846)


Leaf-miner: Large, lower-surface tentiform mine with one sharp fold. Frass in the opposite corner of the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa). The mine is also illustrated in British leafminers and Belgian Lepidoptera.

Larva: See Grandi (1931a, 1933a) for a well-ilustrated description of the larva (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: Pupa in a flimsy cocoon (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Phyllonorycter pastorella pupa
Pupa of Phyllonorycter pastorella in flimsy cocoon
Image: Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Salicaceae        
Salix euxina Crack-willow pers. comm Rob Edmunds
Salix x fragilis Hydrid Crack-willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. pers. comm Rob Edmunds
Salix x pendulina Weeping Crack-willow   pers. comm Rob Edmunds
Salix x sepulcralis     pers. comm Rob Edmunds

Hosts elsewhere:

Salicaceae        
Populus alba White Poplar British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Populus nigra Black Poplar British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix alba White Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix babylonica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix euxina or x fragilis Crack-willow or Hydrid Crack-willow   Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix lanata Wooly Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix pentandra Bay Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix purpurea Purple Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix x sepulcralis Weeping Crack-willow   Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix triandra Almond Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix viminalis Osier British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: October (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Time of year - adults: The adult is illustrated in Belgian Lepidoptera.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: P. pastorella was discovered in London on Salix species and hybrids (pers. comm Rob Edmunds)

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Romania, Russia (Central, East, North, Northwest, and South), Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. Also recorded in East Palaearctic and Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Populus alba, Populus nigra, Salix alba, Salix babylonica, Salix lanata, Salix pentandra, Salix purpurea, Salix triandra, Salix viminalis, Salix x fragilis, Salix x pendulina, Salix x sepulcralis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Currently unknown  


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
UKMoths
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Last updated 09-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page