The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Hadroplontus litura (Fabricius, 1775)
[Coleoptera : Curculionidae]


Curculio litura Fabricius, 1775
Hadroplontus litura (Fabricius, 1775),
Curculio ovalis Marsham 1802.
Nedyus detritus Stephens 1831.


Leaf/Stem-mine: Initially mines basal leaves of Cirsium etc., before moving into the stem (Michael Morris, pers. comm.).

Initially mines the rosette leaves and then enters and mines the stem. Found on rough ground, grasslands, at the sides of paths, roads and in woods (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Cirsium arvense Creeping thistle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Cirsium       Michael Morris (pers. comm.)
Cirsium British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Anglesey, Ayrshire, Bedfordshire, Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfrieshire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Flintshire, Glamorgan, Leicestershire, Merionethshire, Monmouthshire, Montgomeryshire, North Essex, North Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Shropshire, South Devon, South Essex, South Hampshire, South Lancashire, South-east Yorkshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Kent, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, West Sussex and Westmorland (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea) and in Ireland (InvertebrateIreland Online).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Moldova, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, Northwest and South, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine. Also recorded in East Palaearctic, Near East and North Africa (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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Host species unknown


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