The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus (Germar, 1824)
[Coleoptera : Rhynchitidae]


Caenorhinus pauxillus (Germar, 1824)
Caenothynus aequatus
Coenorhinus aequatus
Coenorhinus pauxillus (Germar, 1824)
Coenorrhinus aequatus
Coenorrhinus livescens Voss, 1929
Neocoenorhinus pauxillus (Germar, 1824)
Rhinomacer caeruleus Geoffroy, 1785
Rhynchites pauxillus Germar, 1824
Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus (Germar, 1824)


Leaf-miner: The egg is deposited in the base of the midrib. After oviposition the female severes the petiole, causing the petiole to break. The leaf start to wilt and falls, but still remains green for a considerable time. The larva tunnels in the midrib, and makes from there broad, full deep blotches in the lamina. Frass dispersed in the mine. Often several larvae in a leaf. Pupation in the ground. Blommers & Vaal (2002a) and G√łnget (2003a) describe the biology in more detail. (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in British Leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in MacroidID.RU.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Betulaceae        
Crataegus       Morris, M.G., 1990.
Crataegus       Bullock, J.A., 1992
Mespilus germanica Medlar British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Morris, M.G., 1990.
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bullock, J.A., 1992.
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Morris, M.G., 1990.

Hosts elsewhere:

Betulaceae        
Amelanchier lamarckii Juneberry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster integerrima     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster tomentosa     Bladmineerders van Europa
Crataegus laevigata Midland Hawthorn British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cydonia oblonga Quince British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus pumila (as domestica) Apple British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus armeniaca     Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica Wild plum British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Pyrus communis Pear British Wildflowers. John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Recorded from several counties in England including Buckinghamshire, Cumberland, Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, South Essex and West Kent (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Europe including Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, European Turkey, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Russia (Central and South), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and the Near East (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Amelanchier lamarckii, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Cydonia, Malus pumila, Mespilus germanica, Prunus, Prunus spinosa, Pyrus communis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.


External links:

Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British Leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life

Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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