Griffiths, 1963b. Tijdschr. Ent. 106(2): 136
Agromyza hendeli Griffiths, 1963b; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 36 (fig. 103), 38, 124
Agromyza hendeli Griffiths, 1963b; Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5(1): 112-114, figs 182-3.
Agromyza hendeli Griffiths, 1963b; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 356, 359.
Three or four eggs laid together. The larvae form a large communal
mine, feeding first up and then down the leaf. Pupation external,
the puparium frequently adhering to the leaf near the end of the
mine (Spencer, 1972b: 38).
or four eggs are deposited in a row, at right angle to the leaf
margin. After hatching each of the larvae makes a corridor in the
direction of the leaf tip. The corridors widen, and fuse into one
upper-surface blotch. Frass in comparatively large lumps. Pupuation
as a rule outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by Griffiths (1963).
Larval mandibles each with two teeth (Spencer,
Rear arms of the cephalic skeleton strongly sclerotised, brown or black. Rear spiracula separated by about their diameter. The larva is described by Griffiths (1963a) and de Meijere (1925a, as nigripes); the supplementary description by de Meijere (1943a) contains mistakes. The dark rear arms of the cehalic skeleton easily separate the larvae of this species from those of A. phragmitidis, that also lives on Phragmites. However, there still is no way to distinguish the larvae of hendeli from those of the rare A. spenceri (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Black or brown, frequently adhering to the leaf near end of mine;
posterior spiracles each with 3 bulbs (Spencer,
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: June and August (Bladmineerders van Europa).
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including
Cambridge (Chippenham Fen), Huntingdonshire (Woodwalton Fen), Oxford
(Hogley) (Spencer, 1972b:
38), Warwickshire (Binley) (Robbins,
1991: 135), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Glamorganshire (VC41) and Surrey (NBN
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark,
Sweden, Holland, Germany, Austria, N. Italy, Poland (Spencer,
1976: 114), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Belgium (Scheirs
and de Bruyn, 1992), Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland and Slovakia
(Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: