The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Cerodontha geniculata (Fallén, 1823)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Agromyza geniculata Fallén, 1823a. Agromyzides Sveciae : 6
Cerodontha (Icteromyza) geniculata (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 106
Cerodontha (Icteromyza) geniculata (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 173-4, fig. 312.
Cerodontha (Icteromyza) geniculata (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 345, 347, 348 (fig. 1313), 351.


Leaf-mine: A linear mine, frequently several larvae feeding together. Pupation at base of leaf with anterior spiracles projecting through the epidermis (Spencer, 1976: 174).

Upper-surface (rarely partly lower-surface) corridor, in about the centre of the blade. The larva changes direction at least twice (up-down-up). Normally the mine doesn't reach the leaf sheath. Larva solitary, several mines on a leaf fuse. Frass in scattered grains, strings or pearl chains. Pupation in the mine; puparium mostly upper-surface (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by Nowakowski (1973).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Cyperaceae        
Eriophorum       Robbins, 1991: 132

Hosts elsewhere:

Cyperaceae        
Eriophorum latifolium Broad-leaved Cottongrass   Spencer, 1976: 174
Eriophorum latifolium Broad-leaved Cottongrass   Spencer, 1990: 351
Eriophorum latifolium Broad-leaved Cottongrass   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June-September (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: August.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Uncommon. Buckinghamshire (Burnham Beeches), Herefordshire (Moccas Pool) (Spencer, 1972b: 106), Warwickshire (Stoneleigh) (Robbins, 1991: 132); Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Flintshire, Huntingdonshire, South Devon and South-west Yorkshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Finland, Sweden, Poland and the [former] U.S.S.R. (Spencer, 1976: 174), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Switzerland, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded in Afghanistan (Spencer, 1976: 174).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Eriophorum latifolium

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus nigriscaposus (Nixon, 1949) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Ademon decrescens (Nees, 1811) Braconidae: Opiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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