The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Chirosia crassiseta Stein, 1908
[Diptera: Anthomyiidae]

Chirosia crassiseta Stein, 1908. Wien. ent. Ztg. 27: 10.


Leaf- and stem-mine: Mine in the lowest part of the petiole, not in the pinnulae-bearing part of the rachis. Often several larvae together. Mined leaves are stunted, often incompletely rolled out. Puparium in the mine or in the ground (Bladmineerders van Europa). See de Meijere (1911a) and Brown and McGavin (1982) for details of the biology.

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Larva with undivided posterior processes of the cephalopharyngeal skeleton (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Comments: Included in Redfern et al. (2002: 397, fig 645) in keys to galls. Ackland in Chandler (1978) did not indicate whether his host record was British or Foreign and is therefore included under 'Hosts in Britain' and 'Hosts elsewhere'.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Dennstaedtiaceae        

? Pteridium

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 227

Hosts elsewhere:

Dennstaedtiaceae        

? Pteridium

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 227
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Hennig, 1966-73
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Hering, 1957
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Bracken - Pteridium aquilinum Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June-July (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Dorset, East Kent, Glamorgan, North Hampshire, North Wiltshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Pembrokeshire, Shropshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Corsica, ? Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Italian mainland, Poland, Russia - Northwest, Sicily, Sweden and Yugoslavia (Michelsen in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Pteridium aquilinum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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