The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Chromatomyia periclymeni (de Meijere, 1924)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae].


Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924. Tijdschr. Ent. 67: 145
Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924; Hendel, 1935. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2):452.
Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 94
Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 466, figs 772B, 817-8.
Chromatomyia periclymeni (de Meijere, 1924); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 238, 240, 241 (fig. 907).
Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924; Winkler et al. 2009. Syst. ent. 34: 260-292.


Leaf-mine: Mine star shaped when small, sometimes with a longer linear section, later an irregular brownish blotch. Pupation internal (Spencer, 1976: 466).

Mine not associated with the midrib, stellate, with a large number of short upper-surface corridors. The mine looks greyish and is inconspicuous. Frass in discrete grains. One, sometimes two larvae in a mine. Pupation within the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Forms an upper surface mine which is normally blotchy. The young mine is stellate. The initial mine is purple in colour - turning brown as it ages (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by de Meijere (1926 and 1937) and Griffiths (1974).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Yellowish-brown; posterior spiracles on short projections, each with about 20 bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 466). The anterior spiracles of the yellow-brown puparium penetrate the plant epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Chromatomyia periclymeni puparium
Chromatomyia periclymeni puparium
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Caprifoliaceae        
Lonicera       Robbins, 1991: 107
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bland, in Whiteley, 1994
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Mines in BMNH
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 110
Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Leycesteria formosa Himalayan Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Symphoricarpos       Robbins, 1991: 106
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   Mines in BMNH
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   British leafminers
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   Spencer, 1972b: 110

Hosts elsewhere:

Caprifoliaceae        
Lonicera       Spencer, 1976: 466
Lonicera       Spencer, 1990: 240
Lonicera alpigena Alpine Honeysuckle   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera caprifolium Perfoliate Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera nigra     Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 466
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 466
Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Symphoricarpos       Spencer, 1990: 240
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June-August, October.

Time of year - adults: July-August and May the following year.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Surrey (Box Hill) (Spencer, 1972b: 94), Inner Hebrides (Isle of Coll) (Bland, 1992), Rum (Bland, in Whitely, 1994), Warwickshire (Coventry, Keresley and Kingsbury Wood) (Robbins, 1991: 107), Hampshire (Yateley Heath Wood) (British leafminers); Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Caithness, East Ross, Mid Perthshire, Shropshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford and Surrey (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland: Co. Clare (Glengariff) (Spencer, 1972b: 94).

Distribution elsewhere: Common and widespread in central and western Europe, including Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 466), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Belgium (de Bruyn and von Tschirnhaus, 1991), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 574), Austria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Iceland, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Spanish mainland and Switzerland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Lonicera caprifolium, Lonicera periclymenum, Lonicera tatarica, Lonicera xylosteum, Symphoricarpos albus

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Chrysocharis pentheus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1834) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Cyrtogaster vulgaris Walker, 1833 Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus lateralis (Haliday, 1839) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Dacnusa maculipes Thomson, 1895 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Dapsilarthra sylvia (Haliday, 1839) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Grammospila rufiventris (Nees, 1812) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Apodesmia similis (Szépligeti, 1898) Braconidae: Opiinae
Atormus victus (Haliday, 1837) Braconidae: Opiinae
Opius cingulatus Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Opiinae
Opius pallipes Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Opiinae
Opius singularis Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Opiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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