The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Liriomyza cicerina (Rondani, 1875)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Chick pea leaf-miner


Agromyza cicerina Rondani, 1875. Bull. Soc. ent. ital. 7: 184
Agromyza cicerina Rondani, 1875; Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 212
Liriomyza trichophthalma Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 253. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 240]
Liriomyza cicerina (Rondani, 1875); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 52
Agromyza cicerina Rondani, 1875; Spencer, 1973a. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Economic Importance. Series Ent. 9: 90
Liriomyza cicerina (Rondani, 1875); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 240, figs 411-6.
Liriomyza cicerina (Rondani, 1875); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g)112, 125, 131, 132 (figs 487-8), 133, 140.


Leaf-mine: An upper or lower surface shallow winding linear mine, which may develop into a secondary blotch. Pupation external (Spencer, 1976: 240).

Upper- or lower-surface, greenish or whitish corridor, sometimes a blotch. The corridor does not widen much and is not associated with the midrib. Frass in conspicuous thread fragments, alternating along the sides of the corridor. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in British Leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by de Meijere (1925, as ononidis); posterior spiracles with 7-9 bulbs. The larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Orange; posterior spiracles each with 7-9 bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 240). The puparium is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Liriomyza cicerina puparium,  dorsal
Liriomyza cicerina puparium, dorsal
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fabaceae        
? Melilotus       Robbins, 1983: 24
? Melilotus albus White Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1991: 44
? Melilotus officinalis Ribbed Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1991: 44
Ononis       Robbins, 1991: 44
Ononis arvensis     Mines in BMNH
Ononis repens Common Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Mines in BMNH
? Ononis spinosa Spiny Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 117

Hosts elsewhere:

Fabaceae        
Cicer       Spencer, 1990: 133
Cicer arietinum Chick Pea British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cicer arietinum Chick Pea British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1990: 131
Cicer arietinum Chick Pea British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976
Coronilla emeroides     Bladmineerders van Europa
Hymenocarpus       Spencer, 1990: 112
Hymenocarpus circinnatus Disk Trefoil   Bladmineerders van Europa
Medicago sativa Lucerne British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Melilotus albus White Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Melilotus officinalis Ribbed Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Ononis       Spencer, 1976: 240
Ononis       Spencer, 1990: 112
Ononis arvensis Field Restharrow   Bladmineerders van Europa
Ononis hircina     Spencer, 1976: 240
Ononis repens Common Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Ononis repens Common Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 240
Ononis spinosa Spiny Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Ononis spinosa Spiny Restharrow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 240
Securigera securidaca Hatchet Vetch   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: July, October.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Kent (Otford and Wrotham), Surrey (Box Hill) (Spencer, 1972b: 52), Warwickshire (Keresley) (Robbins, 1991: 44); Glamorgan and South Wiltshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 240), [former] Yugoslavia (Spencer, 1990), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 558), ? Albania, Austria, Czech Republic, European Turkey, French mainland, Greek mainland, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Slovakia, Spanish mainland and Yugoslavia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cicer arietinum, Hymenocarpus circinnatus, Medicago sativa, Melilotus albus, Melilotus officinalis, Ononis repens, Ononis spinosa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Diglyphus isaea (Walker, 1838) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Tanycarpa gracilicornis (Nees, 1812) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Tanycarpa rufinotata (Haliday, 1838) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Opius pygmaeus Fischer, 1962 Braconidae: Opiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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