The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Fallén, 1923)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Agromyza aeneoventris Fallén, 1823a. Agromyzides Sveciae : 4
Agromyza cirsii Rondani, 1875. Bull. Soc. ent. ital. 7: 174
Agromyza aeneoventris Fallén, 1823a; Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 158
Agromyza aeneoventris Fallén, 1823a; Spencer, 1966. Beitr. Ent. 16: 12
Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 15, 19, 112, 113, 114
Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 44-5. figs 20-23
Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Fallén, 1823a); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 250 (figs 936-7), 251, 253, 291.


Stem borer: Larva an internal stem-borer. Pupation internal (Spencer, 1972b: 19).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Puparium pale, straw-coloured. Posterior spiracular processes black, separated approxiamately by own diameter, each with 14-18 bulbs around a black central horn (Spencer, 1972b: 19).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Cirsium palustre Marsh Thistle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 112
Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 113
Senecio jacobaea Common Ragwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 114

Hosts elsewhere:

Asteraceae        
Carduus       Spencer, 1990: 251
Cirsium       Spencer, 1976: 45
Cirsium       Spencer, 1990: 251

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: May.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: London (Hampstead), Surrey (Bookham, Selsdon), Middlesex (VC21), (Scratch Wood), Hampshire (Isle of Wight (VC10), Branscombe), Devon (Studland), Huntingdonshire (Woodwalton Fen), Glamorganshire (VC41), Dunbarton (Bonhill) (Spencer, 1972b:19); Cambridgeshire (VC29), East Kent (VC15), Glamorganshire (VC41), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Surrey (VC17), West Kent (VC16) and West Norfolk (VC28) (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in Ireland (Spencer, 1972b:19).

Distribution elsewhere: Common and widespread through much of Europe including S. Spain, Denmark, Finland, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 45), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 542), Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, French mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland and Yugoslavia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cirsium palustre, Cirsium vulgare, Senecio jacobaea

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Eurytoma centaureae Claridge, 1960 Eurytomidae: Eurytominae
Chlorocytus inchoatus Graham, 1965 Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Chlorocytus longicauda (Thomson, 1878) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Isocyrtus laetus Walker, 1833 [Not in UCD, see Yu, 2012] Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Panstenon agylla (Walker, 1850) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Sphegigaster intersita Graham, 1969 Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Sphegigaster pedunculiventris (Spinola, 1808) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Syntomopus incisus Thomson, 1878 Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Trichomalus apertus (Walker 1835) Pteromalidae: Pteromalinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus brevicornis (Thomson, 1895) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Chorebus senilis (Nees, 1812) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Megacara hortulana (Gravenhorst, 1829) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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