The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Norellisoma spinimana (Fallén, 1819)
[Diptera: Scathophagidae]


Cordylura spinimana Fallén, 1819. Scaptomyzides Sveciae: 7
Norellisoma septentrionale Hendel, 1930. Ark. Zool. 21A (18): 2.
Norellisoma spinimana (Fallén, 1819).


Stem borer: Details unknown.

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Comments: Stubbs in Chandler (1978) did not indicate whether his host records were British or Foreign and are therefore tentatively included under 'Hosts in Britain' and 'Hosts elsewhere'.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Polygonaceae        
Rumex hydrolapathum Water Dock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1991: 70

? Rumex

obtusifolius Broad-leaved Dock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Stubbs in Chandler, 1978: 226
? Rumex triangulivalvis Willow-leaved Dock   Stubbs in Chandler, 1978: 226

Hosts elsewhere:

Polygonaceae        
Rumex       Hering, 1957

? Rumex

obtusifolius Broad-leaved Dock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Stubbs in Chandler, 1978: 226
? Rumex triangulivalvis Willow-leaved Dock   Stubbs in Chandler, 1978: 226

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Warwickshire (Sutton Coldfield) (Robbins, 1991: 70); Anglesey, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Breconshire, Buckinghamshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Dumfrieshire, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Elgin, Fife, Glamorgan, Herefordshire, Huntingdonshire, Merionethshire, Mid-west Yorkshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, North Devon, North Ebudes, North Hampshire, Isle of Man, Leicestershire, Merionethshire, Mid-west Yorkshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, Montgomeryshire, North Devon, North Ebudes, North Hampshire, North Somerset, Nottinghamshire, Orkney, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Renfrewshire, Shropshire, South Essex, South Hampshire, South Lancaster, South-east Yorkshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, West Gloucestershire, West Lancaster, West Norfolk, West Perth, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (de Jong in Fauna Europaea).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in Europe, including Andorra, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - North, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands (de Jong in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Rumex hydrolapathum, Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex triangulivalvis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Seladerma breve Walker, 1834 Pteromalidae: Miscogastrinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Gelis acarorum (Linnaeus, 1758) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Phygadeuon elegans (Förster, 1850) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae
Phygadeuon pegomyiae Habermehl, 1928 Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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