The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930. Pr. Morav. Prir. spol. Brno 6(6): 230
Ophiomyia persimilis Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 193
Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930; Spencer, 1964a. Beitr. Ent. 14: 791
Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 23 (fig. 41), 25, 110, 113
Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 61 (fig. 63B), 65, 66 (figs 73-5)
Ophiomyia heringi Stary, 1930; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 229, 230 (fig.866), 231, 232, 237, 259, 261, 299, 301, 321, 385.


Stem-mine: An external stem mine with frass in two rows of disconnected strips. Pupation in stem at end of mine (Spencer, 1972b: 25; Spencer, 1976: 61 (fig. 63B), 65-6).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Posterior spiracles each with 11-12 bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 66).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Black (Spencer, 1976: 66).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Campanulaceae        
Campanula persicifolia Peach-leaved Bellflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 110
Campanula trachelium Nettle-leaved Bellflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1989: 20
Jasione montana Sheep's-bit British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 110
Phyteuma       Spencer, 1972b: 110
Asteraceae        
Crepis biennis Rough Hawks-beard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 113
Hypochaeris       Pitkin & Plant
Hypochaeris radicata Cat's-ear British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 113
Lapsana communis Nipplewort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 113

Hosts elsewhere:

Campanulaceae        
Campanula persicifolia Peach-leaved Bellflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 66
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 66
Jasione       Spencer, 1976: 66
Phyteuma       Spencer, 1976: 66
Asteraceae        
Crepis       Spencer, 1976: 66
Hieracium       Spencer, 1990: 259
Hypochaeris       Spencer, 1976: 66
Lapsana       Spencer, 1976: 66
Lapsana       Spencer, 1990: 259
Leontodon       Spencer, 1990: 259
Mycelis       Spencer, 1990: 259
Prenanthes       Spencer, 1990: 259
Reichardia       Spencer, 1990: 259
Tragopogon       Spencer, 1990: 259

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Uncommon. London (Hampstead) (Spencer, 1972b: 25), Warwickshire (Robbins, 1989: 20) and Cambridgeshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Uncommon but Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, [former] Czechoslovakia, France, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Sweden (mines only) (Spencer, 1976: 66), Czech Republic, Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Campanula persicifolia, Campanula rotundifolia, Campanula trachelium, Crepis biennis, Jasione montana, Hypochaeris radicata, Lapsana communis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus fuscipennis (Nixon, 1937) Braconidae: Alysiinae
Dacnusa maculipes Thomson, 1895 Braconidae: Alysiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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