The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Ophiomyia melandryi de Meijere, 1924
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Ophiomyia melandryi de Meijere, 1924. Tijdschr. Ent. 67: 137
Ophiomyia melandryi de Meijere, 1924; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 28 (fig. 70), 30 (fig. 71), 31, 110
Ophiomyia melandryi de Meijere, 1924; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 63, 68 (fig. 254), 69.

Stem-borer: Larva feeding inside hollow stem. Pupation internal (Spencer, 1972b: 31).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Brown; posterior spiracles each with 12-13 bulbs in a regular ellipse (Spencer, 1972b: 31).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Silene dioica Red Campion British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Mines in BMNH
Silene dioica Red Campion British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Robbins, 1991: 35
Silene dioica Red Campion British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 110

Hosts elsewhere:

Silene       Spencer, 1990: 63

Time of year - mines: July-August.

Time of year - adults: May.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread. Surrey (Godalming), Somerset (Radstock), Cornwall (Carbis Bay), Suffolk (Barton Mills), Derby (Miller's Dale), Wales (Llanridian), Dunbartonshire (Bonhill) (Spencer, 1972b: 31), Warwickshire (Robbins, 1991: 35); East Cornwall, Nottinghamshire and South-west Yorkshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Europe (Spencer, 1990: 69) including Czech Republic, Germany, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and The Netherlands (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Silene dioica

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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