The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Pegomya conformis (Fallén, 1825)
[Diptera: Anthomyiidae]


Musca conformis Fallén, 1825. Monogr. Musc. Sveciae 9: 82
Anthomyia egens Meigen, 1826. Syst. Beschr. 5: 181
Anthomyia esuriens Meigen, 1826. Syst. Beschr. 5: 181. [Synonymised by Michelson, 1979]
Anthomyza mimula Zetterstedt, 1845. Dipt. Scand. 4: 1707
Chortophila chenopodii Rondani, 1866. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. Milano 9: 156
Anthomyia rogenhoferi Strobl, 1880. Progr. K. K. Obergymn. Benediktiner Seitenstetten 1880: 25.
Pegomya conformis (Fallén, 1825).


Leaf-mine: Mine indistinguishable from that of P. hyoscyami (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Comments: Ackland in Chandler (1978) did not indicate whether his host records were British or Foreign and is therefore included under 'Hosts in Britain' and 'Hosts elsewhere

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Chenopodiaceae        

? Beta

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens
? Chenopodium hybridum Maple-leaved Goosefoot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens
? Chenopodium urbicum Upright Goosefoot   Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens

Hosts elsewhere:

Chenopodiaceae        
Beta       Hering, 1957

? Beta

      Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens
Chenopodium Hering, 1957
? Chenopodium hybridum Maple-leaved Goosefoot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens
? Chenopodium urbicum Upright Goosefoot   Ackland in Chandler, 1978: 228, as esuriens
Chenopodium urbicum Upright Goosefoot   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including The Netherlands (de Meijere, 1939), Belgium (Gosseries and Ackland, 1991), Denmark, Germany and Sweden (Michelsen in Fauna Europaea).

Also recorded in China, Japan and Egypt.

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Chenopodium hybridum, Chenopodium urbicum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Phaedrotoma munda (Förster, 1862) Braconidae: Opiinae
Phygadeuon pegomyiae Habermehl, 1928 Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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