The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phytobia cerasiferae Kangas, 1955
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Phytobia cerasiferae Kangas, 1955. Annls ent. fenn. 21(4): 165
Phytobia cerasiferae Kangas, 1955; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 8, 40 (fig. 126-7), 44, 119
Phytobia cerasiferae Kangas, 1955; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 102, 104, 10 (fig. 374).


Stem-borer: Larva boring in stem, pupation in early spring in the ground (Spencer, 1972b: 44).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by Dempewolf (2001: 99).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Prunus       Spencer, 1990: 104
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum   Spencer, 1972b: 119
Prunus cerasifera Cherry Plum   Spencer, 1990: 104
Prunus domestica Wild Plum British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Dempewolf, 2001: 99

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Time of year - larvae: Early spring.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Kent (East Malling) (Spencer, 1972b: 44).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Germany (Spencer, 1990: 104; Dempewolf, 2001: 99), Corsica and French mainland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Prunus cerasifera

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Trachionus hians (Nees, 1816) Braconidae: Alysiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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