The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823b. Phytomyzides et Ochtidiae Sveciae : 2
Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823b; Hendel, 1935. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 439
Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823b; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 88
Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823b; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 455-6, figs 796-797
Phytomyza nigripennis Fallén, 1823b; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) :21, 27, 28 (figs 60-1).


Stem-borer: Larva feeds internally in stem (Spencer, 1990: 27).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Ranunculaceae        
Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 88, adults only

Hosts elsewhere:

Ranunculaceae        
? Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 456
Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1990: 27

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: May.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including Surrey (Selsdon), Sussex (Laughton), Oxford (Bagley) (Spencer, 1972b: 88) and Lanark (Braidwood) (Bland, 1994c: 83); Dorset, East Kent and South-west Yorkshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 456), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 574), Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, French mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, Poland, Slovakia and Switzerland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Anemone nemorosa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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