The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


TRIBULUS. Small Caltrops. [Asteraceae]

Only one species of Tribulus is recorded in Britain, the introduced Small Caltrops (T. terrestris).

No British miners are recorded on Tribulus in Britain.

The agromyzid Liriomyza trifolii, a pest species of ornamental and vegetable crops occasionally intercepted at UK points of entry, is recorded on Tribulus. The species has been found under glass in England and Wales. All populations have been and continue to be eradicated.

See also Liriomyza species in Glasshouses and/or Quarantine Interceptions.

A key to the European miners recorded on Tribulus is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa.

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