The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Endophytus anemones (Hering, 1925)
[Tenthredinidae]


Endophytus anemones (Hering, 1924) [not 1924]
Pelmatopus anemones Hering, 1924. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ókologie der Tiere, Springer Verlag Berlin u. a. 2: 217-250
Pseudodineura anemones (Hering, 1924) [not 1925].
Pelmatopus tenuiserra Lindqvist, 1949. Notulae Entomologicae, Helsingfors 28[1948]: 65-86
Pseudodineura tenuiserra (Lindqvist, 1949).


Leaf miner: Oviposition at the underside of a thick vein. From this point the larva makes a corridor that quickly widens into a full depth blotch, mostly in the distal half of the leaf. Frass initially in a central line, further on in scattered lumps (Bladmineerders van Europa).

There is normally one mine per leaf (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of sawflies have a head capsule, chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles, six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (although they may be reduced) (see examples).

Shaped like a normal caterpillar, not much flattened, with a globular head and the mouth directed vertically (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of sawflies have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths.

Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in ECatSym - Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Ranunculaceae        
Anemone       British leafminers
Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Ranunculaceae        
Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Anemone ranunculoides Yellow Anemone British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Anemone reflexa     Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: April-May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Females emerge from the end of March to the middle of April (depending on weather conditions) (British leafminers).

Comments: Full synonymy and references are listed in ECatSym - Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Denbighshire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Sweden (van Achterberg in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Anemone nemorosa, Anemone ranunculoides

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Ichneutes brevis Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Ichneutinae


External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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Last updated 11-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page