The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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HYMENOPTERA LARVAE
(examples, not to scale)

Larva : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Pupa/Puparium : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Diptera : Anterior spiracles : Posterior spiracles : Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton

The larvae of sawflies have at least six thoracic legs (although they may be reduced or absent), a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles but no abdominal legs.

Fenusella nana
Fenusella nana
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineeders van Europe)

Fenusella nana
Fenusella nana
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineeders van Europe)

   
Heterarthrus cuneifrons
Heterarthrus cuneifrons
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: ©Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Heterarthrus cuneifrons
Heterarthrus cuneifrons
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: ©Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Heterarthrus vagans
Heterarthrus vagans
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Heterarthrus vagans
Heterarthrus vagans
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Fenella nigrita
Fenella nigrita
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)


Heterarthrus wuestneii
Heterarthrus wuestneii
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Metallus albipes
Metallus albipes
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Metallus albipes
Metallus albipes
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Metallus pumilus
Metallus pumilus
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Pseudodineura fuscula
Pseudodineura fuscula
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Rhamphus oxyacanthae
Profenusa pygmaea
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Profenusa pygmaea
Profenusa pygmaea
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Scolioneura betuleti
Scolioneura betuleti
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Scolioneura betuleti
Scolioneura betuleti
[Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)



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