The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Ceutorhynchus minutus (Reich, 1797)
[Coleoptera : Curculionidae]

Cabbage Leaf Weevil


Ceutorhynchus minutus (Reich, 1797) non (Drury, 1773)
Ceutorhynchus contractus (Marsham, 1802).
Ceutorhynchus pallipes Crotch 1866
Ceutorhynchus micros Schultze 1897
Ceutorhynchus flavicornis Hustache 1914.


Leaf-miner: Rather small, untidy, full depth, often branched corridor, often close to the leaf margin. Sides irregularly eaten out. Frass in a greyish-green central line that is interrupted from time to time, sometimes partly in strings. In times of rain the frass may run out and appear greenish. Usually several mines in a leaf (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Mine of Ceutorhynchus contractus (as minutus) on Raphanus sativus Image: WIllem Ellis (Bladmineerders en plantengallen van Europa)

Mine of Ceutorhynchus minutus on Raphanus sativus
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Larva: The larvae of beetles have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles and lack abdominal legs (see examples).

The larva is rather shapeless, with a well-sclerotised head and no feet. The body is whitish; head greyish brown with Y-shaped lighter marking. Pronotum with a pair of brownish shields. The mandibles have two teeth (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Ceutorhynchus minutus larva,  dorsal
Ceutorhynchus minutus larva, lateral
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Pupa: The pupae of beetles have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Comments:

Ceutorhynchus insularis is a red data book species, which is unique to St Kilda within the British Isles. Prior to its rediscovery in 2004, the only previously published finding was from 1931. The food plant is common scurvy-grass (Cochlearia officinalis), the only wild crucifer recorded on St Kilda. A population regarded as a different variety of the same species occurs on islands off the South coast of Iceland. C. insularis is related to the common cabbage leaf weevil, C.minutus (= contractus), which is found on mainland Britain and in Europe. It is similar to a variety of C.minutus, which is found on Lundy Island in the Bristol Channel. (British leafminers).

Alyssum saxatile is treated as Aurinia saxatile (Golden Alison) and Arabis arenosa is treated as Arabidopsis arenosa (Sand Rock-cress); Arabis glabra is treated as Turritis glabra (Tower Mustard) and Thlaspi perfoliatum is treated as Microthlaspi perfoliatum (Perfoliate Penny-cress) by Stace (2010).

The Checklist of Beetles of the British Isles (2008 ediiton) includes Ceutorhynchus minutus (Reich, 1797) non (Drury, 1773) as a junior synonym of Ceutorhynchus contractus (Marsham, 1802).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Brassicaceae        
Cochlearia officinalis Common Scurvygrass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Brassicaceae        
Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Alyssum alyssoides Small Alison   Bladmineerders van Europa
Alyssum montanum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Alyssum saxatile Golden Alison British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as Aurinia saxatilis
Anastatica hierochuntia     Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabidopsis thaliana Thale Cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabidopsis arenosa Sand Rock-cress   Bladmineerders van Europa, as Cardaminopsis arenosa
Arabis alpina Alpine Rock-cress   Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabis glabra Tower Mustard   Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabis hirsuta Hairy Rock-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabis procurrens     Bladmineerders van Europa
Arabis serpyllifolia     Bladmineerders van Europa
Armoracia rusticana Horse-Radish British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Aubrieta libanotica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Aubrieta olympica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Aubrieta tauricola     Bladmineerders van Europa
Barbarea stricta Small-flowered Winter-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Barbarea vulgaris Winter-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Berteroa incana Hoary Alison British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Biscutella didyma     Bladmineerders van Europa
Biscutella laevigata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Brassica napus Rape   Bladmineerders van Europa
Brassica nigra Black Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Brassica oleracea Wild Cabbage British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Brassica rapa Turnip British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Braya       Bladmineerders van Europa
Bunias orientalis Warty-cabbage   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cakile maritima Sea Rocket British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Calepina       Bladmineerders van Europa
Camelina sativa Gold-of-pleasure British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Capparis spinosa     Bladmineerders van Europa
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's-purse British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine amara Large Bitter-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine bellidifolia     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine chenopodiifolia     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine enneaphyllos     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bitter-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine impatiens Narrow-leaved Bitter-cress   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine kitaibelii Kitaibel's Bitter-cress   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardamine pratensis Cuckooflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardaminopsis arenosa     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cardaminopsis halleri     Bladmineerders van Europa
Chorispora tenella     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cochlearia officinalis Common Scurvygrass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Conringia orientalis Garlic Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Crambe cordifolia Greater Sea-kale British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Crambe koktebelica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Crambe maritima Oriental Sea-kale   Bladmineerders van Europa
Descurainia sophia Flixweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Diplotaxis muralis Annual Wall-rocket British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Diplotaxis tenuifolia Perennial Wall-rocket British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Draba fladnizensis     Bladmineerders van Europa
Draba gilliesii     Bladmineerders van Europa
Draba incana Hoary whitlowgrass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Draba rigida     Bladmineerders van Europa
Draba siliquosa     Bladmineerders van Europa
Erophila verna Common Whitlowgrass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Erucastrum gallicum Hairy Rocket British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum cheiranthoides Treacle-mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum cheiri Wallflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as Cheiranthus cheiri
Erysimum cheiri Wallflower British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as Erysimum cheiri
Erysimum crepidifolium     Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum odoratum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum perofskianum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum pumilum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Erysimum sylvestre     Bladmineerders van Europa
Heliophila amplexicaulis     Bladmineerders van Europa
Hesperis matronalis Dame's-violet British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Hirschfeldia incana Hoary Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Hymenolobus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis amara Wild Candytuft British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis crenata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis grandiflorum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis imperialis     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis odorata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis pinnata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis semperflorens     Bladmineerders van Europa
Iberis sempervirens Perennial Candytuft British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Isatis tinctoria Woad British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lepidium campestre Field Pepperwort British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lepidium cartilagineum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Lepidium perfoliatum Perfoliate Pepperwort   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lepidium ruderale     Bladmineerders van Europa
Lobularia       Bladmineerders van Europa
Lunaria annua Honesty British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lunaria odorata     Bladmineerders van Europa
Malcolmia africana     Bladmineerders van Europa
Malcolmia maritima Virginia Stock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Matthiola incana Hoary Stock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Matthiola odoratissima     Bladmineerders van Europa
Nasturtium officinale Water-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Neslia paniculata Ball Mustard   Bladmineerders van Europa
Pritzelago alpina     Bladmineerders van Europa
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild Radish British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Raphanus sativus Garden Radish British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Rorippa amphibia Great Yellow-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sinapis alba White Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sinapis arvensis Charlock British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sisymbrium altissimum Tall Rocket British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sisymbrium officinale Hedge Mustard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Teesdalia nudicaulis Shepherd's Cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Thlaspi arvense Field Penny-cress British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Thlaspi perfoliatum Perfoliate Penny-cress   Bladmineerders van Europa
Turritis glabra Tower Mustard   Bladmineerders van Europa, (as Arabis glabra
Capparaceae        
Cleome dodecandra     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cleome speciosa Volantines preciosos   Bladmineerders van Europa
Cleome spinosa Spiny spiderflower   Bladmineerders van Europa
Resedaceae       Bladmineerders van Europa
Reseda lutea Wild Mignonette British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Reseda luteola Weld British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Reseda odorata Garden Mignonette   Bladmineerders van Europa
Reseda phyteuma Corn Mignonette   Bladmineerders van Europa
Tropaeolaceae       Bladmineerders van Europa
Tropaeolum       Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: June (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Anglesey, Bedfordshire, Breconshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Dorset, Dumfrieshire, East Gloucestershire, East Kent, East Norfolk, East Ross, East Suffolk, East Sussex, Glamorgan, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Man, Leicestershire, Mid-west Yorkshire, Monmouthshire, North Essex, North Lincolnshire, North Wiltshire, Northamptonshire, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Shropshire, South Devon, South Essex, South Hampshire, South Lincolnshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Cornwall, West Gloucestershire, West Kent, West Norfolk, West Suffolk, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, European Turkey, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, North Aegean Is., Norwegian mainland, Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, East, North, Northwest and South, San Marino, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. Also recorded from the East Palaearctic, Near East and North Africa (Alonso-Zarazaga in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Alliaria petiolata, Alyssum alyssoides, Alyssum saxatile (= Aurinia saxatile), Arabidopsis arenosa (= Arabis arenosa), Arabidopsis thaliana, Arabis alpina, Arabis glabra (= Turritis glabra), Arabis hirsuta, Arabis procurrens, Armoracia rusticana, Barbarea stricta, Barbarea vulgaris, Brassica napus, Brassica nigra, Brassica oleracea, Brassica rapa, Bunias orientalis, Cakile maritima, Camelina sativa, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Cardamine amara, Cardamine hirsuta, Cardamine impatiens, Cardamine pratensis, Chorispora tenella, Cochlearia officinalis, Crambe cordifolia, Crambe maritima, Descurainia sophia, Diplotaxis muralis, Diplotaxis tenuifolia, Draba incana, Erophila verna, Erucastrum gallicum, Erysimum cheiranthoides, Erysimum cheiri (= Cheiranthus cheiri), Hesperis matronalis, Hirschfeldia incana, Iberis amara, Iberis crenata, Iberis sempervirens, Isatis tinctoria, Lepidium campestre, Lepidium draba, Lepidium perfoliatum, Lepidium ruderal, Lunaria annua, Malcolmia africana, Malcolmia maritima, Matthiola incana, Nasturtium officinale, Neslia paniculata, Raphanus raphanistrum, Raphanus sativus, Reseda lutea, Reseda luteola, Reseda odorata, Reseda phyteuma, Rorippa amphibia, Sinapis arvensis, Sisymbrium altissimum, Sisymbrium officinale, Teesdalia nudicaulis, Thlaspi arvense, Thlaspi perfoliatum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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