The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Cryptaciura rotundiventris (Fallén, 1814)
[Diptera: Tephritidae]


Tephritis rotundiventris Fallén, 1814. K. svenska VetensAkad. Handl. 35: 176
Cryptaciura rotundiventris (Fallén, 1814); White, 1988. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5a): 24, 37.


Leaf-mine: A large blotch, yellow or brown, preceded by a short, in the end mostly unrecognisable corridor. Generally several larvae in the mine. Especially in fresh mines the green primary and feeding lines area well marked. Pupation outside the mine. Mines and pupariria cannot be distinguished from those of the very common Euleia heraclei (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Posterior spiracules each with three bulbs; mandibles with two large teeth (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Yellow; anterior spiracle openings arranged in large arcs, not elevated on a fan-like structure; posterior spiracles each with a central opening of similar size to the lateral openings (White, 1988).

Comments: Records on Arctium and Heracleum [Asteraceae] require confirmation (White, 1988).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Apiaceae        
Angelica       Robbins, 1991: 66
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica British Wild Flowers Robbins, 1989
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica British Wild Flowers White, 1988: 60
? Arctium       Pitkin & Plant
? Heracleum       Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Apiaceae        
Aegopodium       Uffen in Chandler, 1978: 222
Aegopodium       Hering, 1957
Aegopodium podagraria Ground-elder British Wild Flowers White, 1988: 60
Angelica       Uffen in Chandler, 1978: 222
Angelica       Hering, 1957
Angelica       Bladmineerders van Europa
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica British Wild Flowers White, 1988: 60
Laserpitium       Hering, 1957
Laserpitium       Bladmineerders van Europa
Pimpinella       Uffen in Chandler, 1978: 222
Pimpinella       Hering, 1957
Pimpinella       White, 1988: 60
Pimpinella       Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June and October-November (Hering, 1957).

Time of year - adults: April - August.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread but very rare. Recently recorded only from Berkshire, Hampshire (White, 1988: 37), East Lothian (Pressmenan), Midlothian (Ratho), Renfrew (Kilbarchan) (Bland, 1993b), Warwickshire (Whichford Wood) (Robbins, 1991: 66), Cumberland, Derbyshire, East Cornwall, Mid-west Yorkshire, North Hampshire, South Devon and South Hampshire (NBN Atlas).

Old records from Dumfries, Speyside, Hampshire (White, 1988: 37), Dunbarton (Bonhill) (Malloch, 1909), Midlothian (Polton) (Carter, 1911)..

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland: Co. Wexford (White, 1988: 37).

Distribution elsewhere: Throughout Europe except in the south (White, 1988: 37) including The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Belgium (Leclercq and de Bruyn, 1991), Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - Central and East, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine. Also recorded in the East Palaearctic Region (Merz and Korneyev, in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Aegopodium podagraria, Angelica sylvestris

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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