The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Hydrellia flavicornis (Fallén, 1823)
[Diptera: Ephydridae]


Notiphila flavicornis Fallén, 1823d. Hydromyzides Sveciae : 10
Notiphila erythrostoma Meigen, 1830
Hydrellia erythrostoma (Meigen, 1830).
Hydrellia flavicornis (Fallén, 1823d).


Leaf-mine: Shallow upper-surface mine that enters the blade from the petiole. Pupation internal, often in midrib or petiole (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Comments: Irwin and Chandler in Chandler (1978) did not indicate whether their host record was British or Foreign and is therefore included under 'Hosts in Britain' and 'Hosts elsewhere'.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Alismataceae        
Alisma       Robbins, 1991: 125
? Alisma plantago-aquatica ? Water-plantain British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Irwin and Chandler in Chandler, 1978: 225

Hosts elsewhere:

Alismataceae        
Alisma       Hering, 1957
? Alisma plantago-aquatica ? Water-plantain British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Irwin and Chandler in Chandler, 1978: 225
Alisma plantago-aquatica ? Water-plantain British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: May - July.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Recorded in Britain by Irwin (1978); Warwickshire (Ufton) (Robbins, 1991: 125); Cambridgeshire, Dorset, East Kent, Glamorgan, Leicestershire and West Norfolk (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, French mainland, Hungary, Poland, Russia - North, Slovakia, Sweden and The Netherlands (Zatwarnicki, 2004 in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Alisma plantago-aquatica

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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