The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Liriomyza lutea (Meigen, 1830)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Agromyza lutea Meigen, 1830. Syst. Beschr. 6: 177
Liriomyza melanorhabda Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 232
Liriomyza melanorhabda Hendel, 1931; Spencer, 1971a. Ent. Gaz. 22: 167.
Liriomyza lutea (Meigen, 1830); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 47 (fig. 145), 50
Liriomyza lutea (Meigen, 1830); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 256, figs 452-3.
Liriomyza lutea (Meigen, 1830); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 160, 231, 233.


Seed-feeder: Larva feeding in seed-head, pupation external (Spencer, 1972b).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

The larva is described by Dempewolf (2001: 155).

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Apiaceae        
Angelica sylvestris Angelica British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 120
Pastinaca sativa Wild Parsnip British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 121

Hosts elsewhere:

Apiaceae        
Angelica sylvestris Angelica British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 256
Angelica sylvestris Angelica British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Dempewolf, 2001: 155
Heracleum       Spencer, 1990: 160
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 256
Pastinaca       Spencer, 1990: 160
Selinum carviflora Cambridge Milk-parsley   Dempewolf, 2001: 155
Pastinaca sativa Wild Parsnip British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 256

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Kent (Wrotham), Hertfordshire (Tring), Cambridge (Chippenham Fen), Westmorland (Grasmere), Denbighshire (Cefn-y-bedd) and Dunbarton (Bonhill) (Spencer, 1972b: 50); Cambridgeshire, Denbighshire, East Kent, Glamorgan, Nottinghamshire, South Lancaster, South Somerset, South-west Yorkshire and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread but local in Europe including Denmark, Finland, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 256), Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Spanish mainland and The Netherlands (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Angelica sylvestris, Heracleum sphondylium, Selinum carvifolia, Pastinaca sativa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae


External links:

Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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