The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Liriomyza phryne Hendel, 1931
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Liriomyza phryne Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 244
Liriomyza phryne Hendel, 1931; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 49 (figs 151-2), 52, 122, 123
Liriomyza phryne Hendel, 1931; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 260-2, figs 463-4.
Liriomyza phryne Hendel, 1931; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 355, 356, 373, 374 (fig. 1407).


Leaf-mine: Details of mine unknown (Bladmineerders van Europa). Pupation external (Spencer, 1972b: 52).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Posterior spiracles each with 6-8 bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 262).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Poaceae        
Arrhenatherum       Robbins, 1991: 140
Arrhenatherum       Spencer, 1972b: 122
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 52
Dactylis       Robbins, 1991
Holcus       Robbins, 1991: 140
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire-fog British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 52

Hosts elsewhere:

Poaceae        
Dactylis       Spencer, 1990: 355
Elytrigia       Spencer, 1990: 356
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 262
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire-fog British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1976: 262
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire-fog British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lolium       Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Surrey (Bookham), Huntingdonshire (Woodwalton Fen), Oxford (Oxford) (Spencer, 1972b: 52), Warwickshire (Rugby (Spencer, 1972b: 52; Binley and Foleshill (Robbins, 1991: 140)); East Sussex, Glamorgan, Monmouthshire and North Somerset (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe, but uncommon. Recorded from Germany, Italy and Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 262), Belgium (Bladmineerders van Europa), Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, French mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Slovakia and Spanish mainland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Arrhenatherum elatius, Holcus lanatus

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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