The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Ophiomyia heracleivora Spencer, 1957
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Ophiomyia heracleivora Spencer, 1957e. Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B) 26: 182
Ophiomyia heracleivora Spencer, 1957e; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 30 (fig. 72), 31, 121
Ophiomyia heracleivora Spencer, 1957e; Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 127, 140, 160, 163, 164 (figs 593-4), 178.


Stem-mine: An external mine on stem or leaf stalk. Pupation either at leaf base or beneath epidermis of main stem (Spencer, 1972b: 31).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Posterior spiracles agree closely with those of O. orbiculata on Pisum (Spencer, 1972b: 31).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Heracleum       Robbins, 1991: 67
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 121

Hosts elsewhere:

Asteraceae        
Heracleum       Spencer, 1990: 160

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in south, but not common. Surrey (Bookham), Middlesex (Scratch Wood) and Berkshire (Silwood Park) (Spencer, 1972b: 31).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Czech Republic, Estonia, French mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Spanish mainland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Heracleum sphondylium

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus bathyzonus (Marshall, 1895) Braconidae: Alysiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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