The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]


Melanagromyza orbiculata Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 169
Melanagromyza hexachaeta Hendel, 1931. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 166. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1964: 799]
Melanagromyza nostradamus Hering, 1933. Konowia. 12: 39. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1964: 799]
Melanagromyza paracelsus Hering, 1933. Konowia. 12: 40. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1966: 53]
Melanagromyza cagliostro Rohdendorf-Holmanova, 1958. Rev. Ent. U.S.S.R. 37: 385. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1964: 799]
Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931); Spencer, 1964a. Beitr. Ent. 14: 799
Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931); Spencer, 1966. Beitr. Ent. 16: 53
Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 21 (figs 35-6), 25, 117, 118
Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 72-3, figs 89-90
Ophiomyia orbiculata (Hendel, 1931); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 112, 127, 128 (figs 454-5), 140, 163, 178.


Stem-miner: An external stem mine. Pupation in the stem, near or even below ground level, with the anterior spiracles projecting through the epidermis (Spencer, 1976: 72-3).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Reddish-brown; posterior spiracles widely separated, each having 17-22 bulbs (Spencer, 1972b: 21 (fig. 36), 25; Spencer, 1976: 72, 73 (fig. 90).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fabaceae        
Lathyrus latifolius Broad-leaved Everlasting-pea   Robbins, 1991: 47
Pisum sativum Garden Pea   Spencer, 1972b: 117
Vicia       Spencer, 1972b: 118

Hosts elsewhere:

Fabaceae        
Pisum       Spencer, 1990: 112
Pisum sativum Garden Pea   Spencer, 1976: 72
Vicia       Spencer, 1976: 72

Time of year - mines: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: June-July.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in south. Middlesex (Scratch Wood), Hertfordshire (Potters Bar), Cambridgeshire (Snailwell), Suffolk (Orford) (Spencer, 1972b: 25) and Warwickshire (Coventry) (Robbins, 1991: 47); Durham and Glamorgan (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in much of Europe including Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Hungary, [former] Yugoslavia, the [former] U.S.S.R. (Spencer, 1976: 72), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 542), Austria, Belarus, Czech republic, European Turkey, French mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Spanish mainland and Yugoslavia (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Lathyrus latifolius, Pisum sativum

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Chorebus orbiculatae Griffiths, 1967 Braconidae: Alysiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
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