Full depth, somewhat inflated and puckered mine with scattered frass.
Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
larva lives in the flower-buds and mines in the leaves (UKMoths and Biodiversity
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
The larva is illustrated in UKMoths
and illustrated in Encyclopedia of Life.
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The larva pupates in a tough cocoon on or under the surface of the ground
Belgian Lepidoptera). The pupa is illustrated in UKMoths.
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths and the Encyclopedia of Life. The male
genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: Almost any time of year (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Fairly common throughout Britain including Lancaster (Greater Manchester, Chorlton) (UKMoths);
Anglesey, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Caernarvonshire, Cambridgeshire,
Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire,
Derbyshire, Dorset, East Cornwall, East Gloucestershire, East Kent,
East Norfolk, East Ross, East Suffolk, East Sussex, East Sutherland,
Easterness, Elgin, Flintshire, Glamorganshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire,
Kincardineshire, Merionethshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, North Aberdeenshire,
North Devon, North Ebudes, North Essex, North Somerset, North Wiltshire,
Shropshire, South Aberdeenshire, South Devon, South Essex, South Hampshire,
South Lancashire, South Wiltshire, South-west Yorkshire, Staffordshire,
Surrey, Warwickshire, West Cornwall, West Gloucestershire (VC34) and West
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Corsica, Czech Republic,
Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Greek mainland,
Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Norwegian mainland,
Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Sardinia, Slovakia, Spanish
mainland, Sweden and Switzerland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Atlas links to known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: