The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

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LEPIDOPTERA PUPAE
(examples, not to scale)

Larva : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Pupa/Puparium : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Diptera : Anterior spiracles : Posterior spiracles : Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton

The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths.

Cedestis_gysseleniella lateral
Cedestis_gysseleniella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Cedestis_gysseleniella ventral
Cedestis_gysseleniella ventral
[Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae]
Images: Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Coptotriche angusticollella lateral
Coptotriche angusticollella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Coptotriche angusticollella dorsal
Coptotriche angusticollella dorsal
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Coptotriche heinemanni ventral
Coptotriche heinemanni dorsal
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coptotriche heinemanni ventral
Coptotriche heinemanni ventral
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Coptotriche marginea dorsal
Coptotriche marginea dorsal
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)


Cosmopteryx pulchrimella dorso-lateral
Cosmopteryx pulchrimella dorso-lateral
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Cosmopteryx pulchrimella ventral
Cosmopteryx pulchrimella ventral
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Epermenia chaerophyllella lateral
Epermenia chaerophyllella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Epermeniidae]
Image: © Rob Edmunds (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Ocnerostoma friesei lateral
Ocnerostoma friesei
lateral
[Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Phyllocnistis unipunctella lateral
Phyllocnistis unipunctella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Phyllocnistis xenia lateral
Phyllocnistis xenia lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladineerders van Europa)

Phyllocnistis xenia ventral
Phyllocnistis xenia ventral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladineerders van Europa)

   

Phyllonorycter acerifoliella lateral
Phyllonorycter acerifoliella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Phyllonorycter lautella lateral
Phyllonorycter lautella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Phyllonorycter maestingella lateral
Phyllonorycter maestingella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Phyllonorycter platani lateral
Phyllonorycter platani lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Phyllonorycter rajella lateral
Phyllonorycter rajella lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Phyllonorycter roboris dorso-lateral
Phyllonorycter roboris dorso-lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Phyllonorycter roboris lateral
Phyllonorycter roboris lateral
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Phyllonorycter salicicolella dorsal
Phyllonorycter salicicolella dorsal
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   



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