The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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LEPIDOPTERA LARVAE
(examples, not to scale)

Larva : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Pupa/Puparium : Coleoptera : Diptera : Hymenoptera : Lepidoptera
Diptera : Anterior spiracles : Posterior spiracles : Cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton

The larvae of Lepidoptera have at least six thoracic legs, a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding) and usually have abdominal legs.

Acrocercops brongniardella
Acrocercops brongniardella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Acrolepia autumnitella
Acrolepia autumnitella
[Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae]
Images: Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Antispila metallella
Antispila metallella
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Antispila metallella
Antispila metallella
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Antispila treitschkiella young and old larvae
Antispila treitschkiella
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Antispila treitschkiella
Antispila treitschkiella
[Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Aspilapteryx tringipennella
Aspilapteryx tringipennella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Aspilapteryx tringipennella
Aspilapteryx tringipennella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Caloptilia elongella
Caloptilia elongella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Caloptilia elongella
Caloptilia elongella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   

Caloptilia hemidactylella
Caloptilia hemidactylella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Cedestis subfasciella
Cedestis subfasciella
[Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Coleophora alnifoliae
Coleophora alnifoliae
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Coleophora fuscocuprella
Coleophora fuscocuprella
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

   
Coleophora limosipennella
Coleophora limosipennella
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coleophora limosipennella
Coleophora limosipennella
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Coleophora lineolea
Coleophora lineolea
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coleophora lusciniaepennella
Coleophora lusciniaepennella
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Coleophora trochilella
Coleophora trochilella
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coleophora violacea
Coleophora violacea
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Coptotriche angusticollella
Coptotriche angusticollella
[Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coptotriche angusticollella
Coptotriche angusticollella
[Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Coptotriche angusticollella
Coptotriche angusticollella
[Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Coptrotriche gaunacella
Coptrotriche gaunacella
[Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae]
Image: © Jean-Yves Baugnée (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Coptotriche marginea
Coptotriche marginea
[Lepidoptera: Tischeriidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Cosmopterix lienigiella
Cosmopterix lienigiella
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Cosmopterix pulchrimella
Cosmopterix pulchrimella
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Cosmopterix scribaiella
Cosmopterix scribaiella
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Cosmopterix zieglerella
Cosmopterix zieglerella
[Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Dialectica imperialella
Dialectica imperialella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Dialectica imperialella
Dialectica imperialella
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella
[Lepidoptera: Eriocraniidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
   
Ectoedemia albifasciella
Ectoedemia albifasciella
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)
Ectoedemia argyropeza
Ectoedemia argyropeza
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)



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