mining the leaves, but later on spun flowers and seeds (UKMoths).
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
The larva of alsinella has body yellow or light green, head black; pronotum reddish brown with a black plate; pinacula minute, black (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths by Helen Bartock. The male
and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae:
May (Bladmineerders van Europa).
of year - adults: July and August (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: A rather local species, having
been recorded from sandy coastal areas around much of the British
including East Kent (VC15), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64),
North Devon (VC4), North Somerset (VC6), South Hampshire (VC11), Stafford and West
the Channel Is. and Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
recorded from the Republic of Ireland. See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Corsica, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland,
French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland,
Latvia, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish
mainland, Sweden, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van
Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: