The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Celypha woodiana (Barrett, 1882)
[Lepidoptera: Tortricidae]

Mistletoe Marble


Brachytaenia woodiana Barrett, 1882. Ent. mon. Mag. 18: 185
Celypha woodiana
(Barrett, 1882).


Leaf-miner: The larva overwinters in a narrow crescent shaped mine on the the lower leaf surface and then forms a large blotch mine next spring (British leafminers).

In autumn the mine begins as a brown, narrow and inconspicuous, lower-surface corridor. The larva is capable of leaving its mine and restarting elsewhere, possibly in another leaf. In April - May of the following spring a full depth transparant blotch is made, from which most frass is ejected. The mined leaf soon drops, which makes the mine even more difficult to detect (Simpson, 2004a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in UKMoths.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Deep green; described by Bradley et al. (1979a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male genitalia, but not the female genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Viscaceae        
Viscum album Mistletoe British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Viscum album Mistletoe British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Viscaceae        
Viscum album Mistletoe British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: September - May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: A rare miner, being found in old apple orchards in the West of England including Gloucester, South Wales (British leafminers); East Gloucestershire, North Somerset, West Gloucestershire and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas) and the Channel Is. (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Switzerland and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Viscum album

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 03-Jul-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page