The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds


Coleophora adjectella Hering, 1937
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

Southern Case-bearer

Coleophora adjectella Hering, 1937. Bestimm. bladmin. Europ. 1: 344; 3: 168.

Leaf-miner and case-bearer: The first case is cut out of an oval mine in the centre of the leaf. The second and third, final, case are excised out of a mine along the leaf margin, and therefore have a serrate dorsal keel. The final case is a spatulate leaf case, 6-7 mm long, with a bivalved, square-cut rear end. The mouth angle is c. 45°. See Emmet et al. (1996a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

See Emmet at al. (1996a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The species is included in

Hosts in Great Britain and Ireland:

Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Crataegus       Belgian Lepidoptera
Prunus domestica     Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Belgian Lepidoptera
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain and Ireland: Britain including Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, East Suffolk, Glamorgan, Isle of Wight, North Hampshire, South Devon and Westmorland (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Italian mainland, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland and Sweden (Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Prunus domestica, Prunus spinosa

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea - Links to species no longer available  
Gelis areator (Panzer, 1804) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae

External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist

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Last updated 11-Jul-2019  Brian Pitkin Top of page