The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Coleophora prunifoliae Doets, 1944
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

New Sloe Case-bearer


Coleophora prunifoliae Doets, 1944. Z. Wien. ent. Ges. 29: 103.


Leaf-miner and case-bearer: Tubular leaf case, 6-7 mm long, light, later dark brown, trivalved, with a mouth angle of 45°. The larva lives at the underside of the leaf, and makes sizable full depth mines there (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Malus       Pitkin & Plant
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Prunus cerasus Dwarf Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Betulaceae        
Betula       Bladmineerders van Europa
Rosaceae        
Cotoneaster franchetii Franchet's Cotoneaster British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Crataegus       Bladmineerders van Europa
Cydonia oblonga Quince British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Malus pumila Apple British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa, as Malus domestica
Prunus armeniaca Apricot   Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus avium Wild Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus cerasus Dwarf Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus domestica subsp. insititia Bullace   Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus mahaleb St Lucie Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus serrulata Japanese Cherry British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Pyracantha coccinea Firethorn   Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus aucuparia Rowan British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: The larvae are full grown by end-May (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Bedfordshire, East Cornwall, East Sussex, North Essex, North Somerset, North Wiltshire, South Devon, South Essex, South Wiltshire and West Cornwall (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia Central and South, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland and The Netherlands. Also recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cotoneaster franchetii, Cydonia oblonga, Malus pumila, Prunus armeniaca, Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus domestica subsp. insititia, Prunus mahaleb, Prunus serrulata, Prunus spinosa, Pyracantha coccinea, Sorbus aria, Sorbus aucuparia

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Closterocerus trifasciatus Westwood, 1833 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Ichneumonoidea  
Dolichogenidea breviventris (Ratzeburg, 1848) Braconidae: Microgastrinae
Pristomerus vulnerator (Panzer, 1799) Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae
Pristomerus armatus (Lucas, 1849) Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae


External links:

Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 01-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page