The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

Join us on Facebook

Coleophora trifolii (Curtis, 1832)
[Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae]

Large Clover Case-bearer


Damophila trifolii Curtis, 1832. Brit. Ent. 9: 391.
Coleophora trifolii
(Curtis, 1832).


Seed-feeder and case-bearer: Larva makes a case from seedpods and up to three pods may be joined together. The final case is trivalved and black in colour (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fabaceae        
Melilotus       UKMoths
Melilotus altissimus Tall Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Melilotus officinalis Ribbed Melilot British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere: Currently unknown.

Time of year - larvae: July - May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: June and July. The adults fly in the daytime, but are also attracted to light at night (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Present in England and Wales, being commoner in the south. Occurs in areas of open waste ground and grassland (UKMoths); including Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Dorset, Durham, East Norfolk, East Suffolk, Glamorgan, Hereforshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Isle of Wight, Leicestershire, Middlesex, North Essex, North Hampshire, North Somerset, North-east Yorkshire, Shropshire, SOuth Devon, South Essex, South Hampshire, SSouth Wiltshire, South-west Yorkshire, Stafford, Surrey, Warwickshire, West Gloucestershire, West Lancaster, West Norfolk and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See NDBC interactive map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central and North, Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine. Also recorded in East Palaearctic, Near East, North Africa and Nearctic region (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Melilotus altissimus, Melilotus officinalis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Gelis avarus (Förster 1850) Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


XHTML Validator
Last updated 09-Jul-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page