and case-bearer: Larva makes a case from seedpods and up to three pods may be joined
together. The final case is trivalved and black in colour (British
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
elsewhere: Currently unknown.
of year - larvae: July - May (British
of year - adults: June and July. The adults fly in the daytime,
but are also attracted to light at night (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: Present in England and Wales,
being commoner in the south. Occurs in areas of open waste ground
and grassland (UKMoths);
including Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Cambridgeshire (VC29), East Gloucestershire (VC33),
East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Essex (VC19),
North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7), South Lancashire (VC59),
South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Warwickshire (VC38), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
recorded in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See NDBC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Andorra, Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia,
Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian
mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia,
Norwegian mainland, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central and North,
Sicily, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands
and Ukraine. Also recorded in East Palaearctic, Near East, North
Africa and Nearctic region (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: