The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Digitivalva perlepidella (Stainton, 1849)
[Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae]

Spikenard Smudge


Roeslerstammia perlepidella Stainton, 1849. Cat. Brit. Tin.: 19.
Roeslerstammia fulviceps
Wocke, 1850. Zeitschr. Ent. Ver. Ins. Breal: t. 5 fig. 19.
Roeslerstammia ruficeps
Herrich-Schäffer, 1853. Schmett. Europ.: 5, fig. 643
Digitivalva perlepidella
(Stainton, 1849).


Leaf-miner: Mines the lower leaves, making them hollow. The mine is along the midrib and broadens into a blotch (British leafminers).

One or several broad corridors, radiating from the leaf base, often along the midrib, towards the leaf tip widening into a roundish blotch, not containng any frass. The larva, that seems to feed only at night, retreats during feeding pauses in the leaf base and is invisible then. Often two larvae in a mine. Pupation in a little separate mine (pupal chamber) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pale yellow to greenish, head pale brown (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Inula conyzae Ploughman's-spikenard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Inula conyzae Ploughman's-spikenard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Asteraceae        
Inula conyzae Ploughman's-spikenard British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: April-May (British leafminers).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including East Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, North Hampshire, North Wiltshire, South Essex, West Gloucestershire, West Sussex and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Switzerland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Inula conyzae

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas

NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 02-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page