The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

N.B. Links to the latest version of 'Leafminers and plant galls of Europe' are being edited

Join us on Facebook

Phyllonorycter muelleriella (Zeller, 1839)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

Western Midget


Lithocolletis muelleriella Zeller, 1839. Isis: 217.
Elachista amyotella
Duponchel, 1840. Hist. Nat. Lep. 11: 544.
Phyllonorycter muelleriella
(Zeller, 1839).


Leaf-miner: Lower-surface tentiform mine, generally rather small and between two veins, touching the midrib. Lower epidermis with a single sharp fold. Pupa in the mine in a cocoon that with its upper- and lowerside is attached to the mine; almost all frass is incorporated in the sides of the cocoon (Bladmineerders van Europa).

The mine is also illustrated in British Leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The pupa is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Fagaceae        
Quercus       Pitkin & Plant

Hosts elsewhere:

Fagaceae        
Quercus cerris Turkey Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus petraea Sessile Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus pubescens Downy Oak   Bladmineerders van Europa
Quercus robur Pedunculate Oak British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Cheshire, Glamorgan, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, North Somerset, Shropshire, South Wiltshire, Stafford, Warwickshire, West Gloucestershire, West Lancaster, Westmorland and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas).

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central and South, Slovakia, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine. Also recorded in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Quercus cerris, Quercus petraea, Quercus pubescens, Quercus robur

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Ichneumonoidea  
Pholetesor nanus (Reinhard, 1880) Braconidae: Microgastrinae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


XHTML Validator
Last updated 13-Aug-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page