tentiform mine, generally rather small and between two veins, touching
the midrib. Lower epidermis with a single sharp fold. Pupa in the
mine in a cocoon that with its upper- and lowerside is attached
to the mine; almost all frass is incorporated in the sides of the
cocoon (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The mine is also illustrated in British Leafminers.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
pupa is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Cheshire (VC58),
Glamorganshire (VC41), Herefordshire (VC36), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Somerset (VC6), Shropshire (VC40),
South Wiltshire (VC8), Staffordshire (VC39), Warwickshire (VC38), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Lancashire (VC60), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Greek
mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Republic of Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia - Central and South,
Slovakia, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine. Also recorded
in Near East (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: