The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella (Stainton, 1851)
[Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]

Sandhill Midget


Lithocolletis quinqueguttella Stainton, 1851. Cat. Brit. Tin. Suppl.: 12.
Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella
(Stainton, 1851).


Leaf-miner: The larva feeds in a blotch on the underside of the leaf, which contracts and causes the leaf to pucker strongly. The mine is quite large and can occupy most of a leaf (UKMoths).

Lower-surface tentiform mine, that in small leaves can occupy the entire underside. The mine does contract strongly, folding the leaf, sometimes causing it to become tube-like. Lower epidermis with many fine folds. Frass packed in the opposite corner.Bladmineerders van Europa.

The mine is also illustrated in British leafminers.

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

The yellow larva is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

The pupa is illustrated in British leafminers.

Adult: The adult is illustrated in UKMoths. The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Salicaceae        
Salix arenaria Sandhill Creeping Willow   British leafminers
Salix arenaria Sandhill Creeping Willow   UKMoths
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. UKMoths

Hosts elsewhere:

Salicaceae        
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July and September to October (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Two generations, flying in May and again in August (UKMoths).

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: A relatively local and uncommon species, distributed mainly in the coastal counties around the British Isles (UKMoths) including Anglesey, Cambridgeshire, Carmarthenshire, Cheviotland, Dorset, Durham, East Norfolk, Glamorgan, Huntingdonshire, Kirkudbrightshire, North Devon, South Aberdeen, South Hampshire and South Hampshire, West Cornwall, West Nofolk and West Suffolk (NBN Atlas) and North-East Yorkshire (British leafminers). See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia Central, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Ukraine (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Salix repens

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Achrysocharoides zwoelferi (Delucchi, 1954) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Hemiptarsenus fulvicollis Westwood, 1833 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Sympiesis gregori Boucek, 1959 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Pholetesor nanus (Reinhard, 1880) Braconidae: Microgastrinae


External links: Search the internet:

Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths

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Last updated 17-Nov-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page