Phyllonorycter viminiella (Sircom, 1848) is treated as a junior synonym of Phyllonorycter salictella (Zeller, 1846) in Belgian Lepidoptera, Bladmineerders van Europa and Fauna Europaea. If the two names are indeed synonymous then the earliest, and therefore senior name, is Phyllonorycter salictella (Zeller, 1846).
Gateway treats viminiella (Sircom, 1848) as a subsp. of Phyllonorycter salictella (Zeller, 1846), along with the nominate subsp. salictella (Zeller, 1846).
UKMoths and Agassiz, Beavan and Heckford, 2013 in the Checklist only include Phyllonorycter viminiella (Sircom, 1848); and Agassiz, Beavan and Heckford, 2013 in the Checklist includes Phyllonoryter salictella sensu auctt. (nec. Zeller) as a junior synonym Phyllonorycter viminiella (Sircom, 1848).
The Lepidoptera Dissection Group include the male and female genitalia of Phyllonorycter salictella viminiella only; and the Hymenopterists recognise two species with a different suite of parasitoids.
According to Agassiz (pers. comm.) "The taxa [salictella and viminiella] look different" and "traditionally British specimens have been referred to viminiella".
large, lower-surface tenntiform mine, generally against the leaf
margin, often low in the leaf. Lower epidermis strongly folded;
the mine is strongly contracted, causing the leaf margin to fold
tube-like over the mine. All frass packed in a corner of the mine
(Bladmineerders van Europa, as salictella).
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The pupa is illustrated
in Bladmineerders van Europa.
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths (as Phyllonorycter viminiella). The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group as Phyllonorycter salictella viminiella.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: Currently unknown.
of year - adults: The adults fly in May and June and again in
in Great Britain & Ireland: A species generally inhabiting
wetland habitats, the distribution of this moth extends throughout
England and Wales and into southern Scotland and there are scattered
records from Ireland and northern Scotland (UKMoths,
as Phyllonorycter viminiella) including Carmarthenshire (VC44),
Cheshire (VC58), Derbyshire (VC57), East Suffolk (VC25), Glamorganshire (VC41), Leicestershire (VC55), Shropshire (VC40),
Staffordshire (VC39), Warwickshire (VC38), West Norfolk (VC28) and West Suffolk (VC26) (NBN
See also British
leafminers distribution map (as viminiella).
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Estonia,
Finland, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Moldova, Norwegian mainland,
Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, North and
Northwest, Slovakia, Spanish mainland, Sweden, Switzerland, The
Netherlands and Ukraine. Also recorded in East Palaearctic (Karsholt
and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea, as salictella).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:
|Ageniaspis fuscicollis (Dalman, 1820)
|Achrysocharoides niveipes (Thomson, 1878)
|Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839)
|Pediobius alcaeus (Walker, 1839)
elegantissimus Westwood, 1841
|| Eulophidae: Eulophinae
diallus Walker, 1838
|| Eulophidae: Eulophinae
stylata Förster, 1862
braconius Haliday, 1833
|Pholetesor nanus (Reinhard, 1880)
|Scambus inanis (Schrank, 1802)