The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Scrobipalpa murinella (Duponchel, 1843)
[Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]

Rock Groundling


Lita murinella Duponchel, 1843. Hist. nat. Lep. Pap. Fr. 4: 458, t. 85 fig. 7.
Scrobipalpa murinella
(Duponchel, 1843).


Leaf-miner: The larva feeds in the stems and also makes blotch mines (as shown) as it passes from leaf to leaf. The leaves are lightly spun together as it progresses (British leafminers). The larvae make large blotches in the lower leaves. They regularly move from one leaf to another (often resting outside their mine) and in doing so create a loose spinnng around the leaves. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Whitish with three yellow, later red, lines; prothoracic shield with black markings (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The female genitalia, but not the male genitalia (check for update), are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group.

Comments: References to Gnaphalium are erroneous (Satller, 1986a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Asteraceae        
Antennaria dioica Mountain Everlasting British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Antennaria dioica Mountain Everlasting British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Asteraceae        
Antennaria dioica Mountain Everlasting British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: July to September (British leafminers). June to August (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including North Ebudes, and South Aberdeen (NBN Atlas).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea). See NDBC interactive map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Belarus, Finland, French mainland, ? Germany, ? Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Romania, Russia - North and South, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden and Switzerland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Antennaria dioica

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.



External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
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Last updated 09-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page