The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Stigmella mespilicola (Frey, 1856)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Wild-service Pigmy


Nepticula mespilicola Frey, 1856. Tin. Pteroph. Schweiz.: 392.
Nepticula ariella
Herrich-Schäffer, 1860. Neue Schmett. 5: 168.
Stigmella mespilicola
(Frey, 1856).


Leaf-miner: Rather short, full depth, gradually widening corridor, the last section suddenly widenened still a bit more into an elongated blotch. Frass in a central line, about 1/3 of the width of the corridor. Pupation outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Mine of Stigmella mespilicola
Mine of Stigmella mespilicola on Sorbus torminalis
Image: © Guy Meredith (British leafminers)

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Yellowish green to yellow. The larva is described by Gustafsson and van Nieukerken (1990a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Rosaceae        
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British Leafminers
Sorbus intermedia Swedish Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British Leafminers
Sorbus torminalis Wild Service-tree British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Sorbus torminalis Wild Service-tree British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British Leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

Rosaceae        
Amelanchier parviflora     Bladmineerders van Europa
Cotoneaster hissaricus Circular-leaved Cotoneaster   Bladmineerders van Europa, as Cotoneaster racemiflorus
Cotoneaster salicifolia     Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus aria Common Whitebeam British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Sorbus torminalis Wild Service-tree British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: Currently unknown.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including Herefordshire, Shropshire, Stafford, West Gloucestershire and Worcestershire (NBN Atlas). See also British leafminers distribution map.

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, French mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, ? Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Switzerland, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Atlas links to known host species:

Cotoneaster hissaricus, Sorbus aria, Sorbus torminalis

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea  
Chrysocharis amanus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Derostenus punctiscuta Thomson, 1878 Eulophidae: Entedoninae


External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Atlas
NHM UK Checklist
UKMoths
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


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Last updated 10-May-2017  Brian Pitkin Top of page