Leaf-miner: A narrow gallery, leading abruptly to a blotch (British
at the leaf underside. The first part of the mine consists of a
slender undulating corridor with a proportionally wide uninterrupted
frass line, that leaves a clear transparent zone at either side.
After a moult this corridor widens aburptly into a bloth, that develops
into the oppsite direction. The frass is concentrated here ia a
diffuse central spot. The mine hardly ever crosses the midrib. Pupation
outside the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
mine is also illustrated in UKMoths.
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
Pale yellow, head brown (British
leafminers). The larva is also illustrated in
Bladmineerders van Europa.
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is illustrated in UKMoths.
The male and female genitalia are illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July, September - October (British
of year - adults: The adults are on the wing from May to June
and again in August (UKMoths).
in Great Britain & Ireland: A fairly common species throughout
England, Wales and Ireland (UKMoths)
including Anglesey (VC52), Bedfordshire (VC30), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Caernarvonshire (VC49),
Cambridgeshire (VC29), Derbyshire (VC57), Dorset (VC9), East Gloucestershire (VC33), East Kent (VC15),
East Norfolk (VC27), East Suffolk (VC25), East Sussex (VC14), East Sutherland (VC107), Glamorganshire (VC41),
Herefordshire (VC36), Hertfordshire (VC20), Huntingdonshire (VC31), Kincardineshire (VC91), Merionethshire (VC48),
Mid-west Yorkshire (VC64), Middlesex (VC21), Monmouthshire (VC35), North Aberdeenshire (VC93), North Devon (VC4), North Essex (VC19), North Hampshire (VC12), North Somerset (VC6), North Wiltshire (VC7),
Radnorshire (VC43), Shropshire (VC40), South Essex (VC18), South Hampshire (VC11), South Lancashire (VC59),
South Wiltshire (VC8), South-west Yorkshire (VC63), Staffordshire (VC39), Surrey (VC17), Warwickshire (VC38),
West Cornwall (VC1), West Gloucestershire (VC34), West Kent (VC16), West Lancashire (VC60),
West Norfolk (VC28), West Suffolk (VC26), Westmorland (VC69) and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
See also British
leafminers distribution map.
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken
in Fauna Europaea). See also Ireland's NBDC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions
Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland,
Estonia, Finland, French mainland, Germany, Greek mainland, Hungary,
Italian mainland, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Republic of Moldova,
Poland, Portuguese mainland, Romania, Russia - Central, Northwest
and South, Sardinia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanish mainland, Sweden,
Switzerland, The Netherlands, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and
van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:
|Chrysocharis amanus (Walker, 1839)
|Chrysocharis nephereus (Walker, 1839)
|Chrysocharis prodice (Walker, 1839)
gemmeus Westwood, 1840
|Derostenus punctiscuta Thomson, 1878
stylata Förster, 1862
|Adelius erythronotus (Förster, 1851)
|Adelius subfasciatus Haliday, 1833
|Adelius viator (Förster, 1851)
braconius Haliday, 1833
|Gnamptodon decoris (Förster, 1862)
|Gnamptodon decoris (Förster, 1862)
|Mirax rufilabris Haliday, 1833