Leaf-miner: A very contorted gallery (British
may be at either side of the leaf. Mine a corridor, usually compacted
into a small area, sometimes forming a secondary blotch. Frass in
the first section of the gallery in a more of less broad central
line, clearly coiled in the last part (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).
green, head light brown (Emmet, 1983a; Schoorl et al., 1985a; Gustafsson
and van Nieukerken, 1990a) (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).
The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera
Dissection Group (check
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - larvae: July; September - October (British
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including East Gloucestershire (VC33),
East Norfolk (VC27), Herefordshire and Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
Gateway). See also British
leafminers distribution map.
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, French
mainland, Germany, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands,
Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: