The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

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Stigmella zelleriella (Snellen, 1875)
[Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae]

Sandhill Pigmy

Nepticula zelleriella Snellen, 1875. Tijdscr. ent. 18: 113, pl. 7 figs. 1-4.
Nepticula lappovimella
Svensson, 1976. Ent. scand. 7 (3): 204, fig'd.
Stigmella zelleriella
(Snellen, 1875).

Leaf-miner: Egg invariably at the leaf underside. From there runs a short gallery, often partly following the leaf margin, almost stuffed with frass. The corridor widens into a blotch that may occupy half a leaf; the frass here is dispersed. Pupation extrernal. Vacated mines turn black (Bladmineerders van Europa).

A short gallery, almost filled with frass, which usually follows the leaf edge then becomes a blotch, with dispersed frass, and occupying half the leaf. The vacated mines appear black (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of moths have a head capsule and chewing mouthparts with opposable mandibles (see video of a gracillarid larva feeding), six thoracic legs and abdominal legs (see examples).

Yellow (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Pupa: The pupae of moths have visible head appendages, wings and legs which lie in sheaths (see examples).

Adult: The adult is not illustrated in UKMoths (check for update). The genitalia are not illustrated by the Lepidoptera Dissection Group (check for update).

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Pitkin & Plant
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers

Hosts elsewhere:

? Salix fusca     Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix lapponum     Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix repens Creeping Willow British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Salix repens subsp. arenaria     Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - larvae: About the first half of July and the first half of October (Bladmineerders van Europa).

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Britain including East Kent (NBN Gateway).

See also British leafminers distribution map.

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Stigmella zelleriella
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, Norwegian mainland, Poland, Russia - Central, North and Northwest, Sweden and The Netherlands (Karsholt and van Nieukerken in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Salix lapponum, Salix repens

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.

External links: Search the internet:
Belgian Lepidoptera
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
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Last updated 24-Jul-2016  Brian Pitkin Top of page