pullula Zetterstedt, 1848
pullula Zetterstedt, 1848. Dipt. Scand. 7: 2832
Phytomyza matricariae Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch.
84A(7) (1918): 161. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 475]
Phytomyza gotlandica Rydén, 1952. Opusc. ent.
17: 17. [Synonymised by Spencer, 1976: 440]
Phytomyza matricariae Hendel, 1920; Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 77, 111, 114, 115
Phytomyza pullula Zetterstedt, 1848; Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 475-6, fig. 837
Phytomyza pullula Zetterstedt, 1848; Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the World Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 113, 138
(fig. 525), 139.
narrow linear mine, even in the finest subdivisions of the leaves
(Spencer, 1972b: 77, as matricariae ; Spencer, 1976: 478).
fine corridor, upper- or lower-surface, even in the narrowest leaf
segments. The corridor may be up to 14 cm long (Sehgal, 1971a).
Generally the corridor descends towards the leaf base. Frass in
pearl chains of loose grains, hardly in strings. Pupation outside
the mine (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by de Meijere (1926,
as matricariae) and Sehgal (1971,
as matricariae). Posterior spiracles each with 18-20 bulbs.
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Shining black; posterior spiracles each with an ellipse of up to
20 minute bulbs (Spencer, 1972b:
77, as matricariae); Spencer,
Matricaria recutita is treated as Matricaria
chamomilla (Scented Mayweed) by Stace (2010).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: June-August.
of year - adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread. Hertfordshire (Ugley),
Gloucester (Tewkesbury), Suffolk (Barton), Lancaster (Manchester),
Edinburgh, Dunbarton (Bonhill) (Spencer, 1972b: 77), Inner Hebrides (Isle of Coll) (Bland,
1992; as matricariae) and Warwickshire (Robbins,
1991: 115); Pembrokeshire (NBN
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Europe (Spencer,
1976: 476) including The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 578), Austria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, French mainland, Hungary, Italian mainland, Lithuania,
Norwegian mainland, Poland, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia and Sweden
(Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
recorded in Canada (Alberta) (Spencer,
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
recutita (= Matricaria
maritimum x inodorum, Tripleurospermum
maritimum subsp. phaeocephalum
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: